Rodrigues, João F.D. & Lahr, Michael L. (2018). The reconciliation of multiple conflicting estimates: Entropy-based and axiomatic approaches. Entropy, 20 Retrieved from https://doi.org/doi:10.7282/T37P92XH
AbstractWhen working with economic accounts it may occur that multiple estimates of a single datum exist, with different degrees of uncertainty or data quality. This paper addresses the problem of defining a method that can reconcile conflicting estimates, given best guess and uncertainty values. We proceeded from first principles, using two different routes. First, under an entropy-based approach, the data reconciliation problem is addressed as a particular case of a wider data balancing problem, and an alternative setting is found in which the multiple estimates are replaced by a single one. Afterwards, under an axiomatic approach, a set of properties is defined, which characterizes the ideal data reconciliation method. Under both approaches, the conclusion is that the formula for the reconciliation of best guesses is a weighted arithmetic average, with the inverse of uncertainties as weights, and that the formula for the reconciliation of uncertainties is a harmonic average.
RightsCopyright for scholarly resources published in RUcore is retained by the copyright holder. By virtue of its appearance in this open access medium, you are free to use this resource, with proper attribution, in educational and other non-commercial settings. Other uses, such as reproduction or republication, may require the permission of the copyright holder.