AbstractThe destruction of the socio-political legacies of state socialism involved, to a large extent, the dismantling of those features which had made it an anomaly in the capitalist world-system. This study examines the effects of the termination of the state socialist character of the erstwhile “bloc” on the global structure of labor migration. The degradation of labor into a mere factor of production, the demolition of legal-constitutional guarantees for labor and citizenship rights, and the lifting of all previous travel restrictions “should” have produced—at least at least according to the neoliberal logic prevalent at the time of the regime collapse—a rapid and massive outmigration of erstwhile-state-socialist labor. In contrast, the societies of the erstwhile “bloc” entered into the global system of labor migration after considerable hesitation, to extremely uneven degrees, and overall quite slowly. This study examines some of the global structural causes of the related reluctance, inequality and foot-dragging in the context of the global geopolitics of migration in the European Union and the United States.
NoteOriginally published in English as: József Böröcz (2014). “The Collapse of State Socialism in the Soviet Bloc and Global Labor Migration.” In Mary Rowlinson, Wim Vanderkerchkove and Ronald M. S. Commers (eds.). Labor and global justice: essays on the ethics of labor practices under globalization (85-104). New York: Lexington Press. Translation into Hungarian by the author.
SubjectsState socialism, Collapse (Government), Soviet bloc, Communist countries, Former Soviet republics, Emigration and immigration, Migration, Internal, Capitalism, Labor, Employee rights, Citizenship, Citizenship rights, Immigration restrictions, European Union, United States
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